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Country Fact Sheet

Embassy of India,



Fact Sheet - Niger


Official Name

Republic of  Niger

Niger (pronounced nee-zher) owes its name to the river Niger. Niger river is the third largest (4100 km) river in Africa.




1.267 million sq kms.

Border countries (7)

Algeria 951 km; Benin 277 km; Burkina Faso 622 km; Chad 1,196 km; Libya 342 km; Mali 838 km; Nigeria 1,608 km


[Exchange rate vs. US$]

CFA Franc

US$1=CFA 610 (as of 24.06.2022)


US$ 13.74 billion (2020) (World Bank data)

GDP Growth Rate

3.6% (2020),  4.6%(2021) (Niger Govt. data)


0.8% of total labour force (2021) (World Bank)

GDP Per Capita

US$ 567.7 (2020) (World Bank)

PPP- US$ 1,230 (2019) (World Bank)

Forest Cover

11.3 thousand sq km or 0.9% of land area (2020)

CO2 Emissions

0.1 m tons per capita (2018)

Tourist Arrivals

85,000 (2020) down from 192,000 in 2019


24.2 million (2020) (World Bank),  SR: 0.98 male(s)/female

Age Profile

0-14 years  : 50.58% (male 5.8 million/female 5.7 million)
15-24 years: 19.99% (male 2.2 million/female 2.3 million)
25-54 years: 23.57% (male 2.5 million/female 2.8 million)

55-64 years: 3.17% (male 357,832/female 364,774)
65 years and over: 2.68% (2020 est.) (male 293,430/female 317,866)

Life Expectancy

63 years (2020) (World Bank)


French (official),  Hausa, Djerma, Fulfulde, Tamasheq and others

Ethnic Groups

Hausa (53.1%), Zarma / Songhai (21.2%), Tuareg (11.0%),

Fulani (Peuhl) (6.5%), Kanuri (5.9%), Gurma (0.8%), Arab (0.4%),

Tubu (0.4%), others remaining


Muslim (99.3%), Christian (0.3%), indigenous beliefs (0.2%), none (0.1%)

Internet Penetration

31.2% of population (2021) (Niger Govt. data)

Mobile Cellular penetration

57.99% of population (2021) (Niger Govt. data)

Electricity Access

19.3% of population (2020) (World Bank data)


Urban population: 16.5% of total population (2020)

Rate of urbanisation: 4.5% annual urban population growth (2020)


US$ 1204 million (2021)


US$ 2666 million (2021)

Main Trade Partners

Exports: France, Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria (2021

Imports: China, France, Thailand, US (2021)


Political Structure

Semi-Presidential. President elected by universal suffrage to serve a 5 year term. 2 term limit. Last election held in Feb 2021.  Next presidential and legislative elections due in 2025.

National Government: A new 40 member cabinet was named by the  PM and approved by the President in April 2021.

National Legislature: National Assembly of 171 members.

Major political parties

Ruling coalition MRN (the Mouvance pour la renaissance du Niger) 127 seats (PNDS-Tarraya, MPR, MNSD, CPR, ANDP etc)

Opposition : 39 seats ( Moden-FA, RDR Tchanji, MPN,PJP etc)

Head of State

Mohamed Bazoum, President [since 02.04.2021]

Head of Government

Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou, Prime Minister [since April 2021]

Current Issues

Terrorism in neighbourhood (foreign based terrorist groups operate along the Niger-Mali-Burkina Faso border, border with northeast Nigeria, Lake Chad region)

Environmental (Soil erosion, desertification, inadequate potable water, overgrazing, deforestation, threat to wildlife)

Rapid population growth

Large number of refugees and internally displaced persons


India’s Exports

US$ 91.62 million (2021-22)  (Deptt of Commerce, GoI data)

India’s Imports

US$ 15.99 million (2021-22)

India’s Main Exports

Rice, pharmaceutical products, cotton fabrics, woven synthetic fabrics, sugar confectionery and processed food & cereals, engineering goods, electrical appliances, construction material, tea

India’s Main Imports

Gum Arabic, sesame, semi-precious stones, hide/skin of goats

Indian Investments

in Niger

M/s Airtel Cellular Services (US$ 350 mn), M/s Euroworld International (US$ 64 mn), M/s Satguru Travels (US$ 3 mn) etc

Indian Community

Around 200 Indians, mostly engaged in hospitality/service/business sectors.

June 2022