Country Fact Sheet Country Fact Sheet

Country Fact Sheet

  • Embassy of India,



    Fact Sheet - Niger


    Official Name

    Republic of  Niger

    Niger (pronounced nee-zher) owes its name to the river Niger. Niger river is the third largest (4100 km) river in Africa.




    1.267 million sq kms.

    Border countries (7)

    Algeria 951 km; Benin 277 km; Burkina Faso 622 km; Chad 1,196 km; Libya 342 km; Mali 838 km; Nigeria 1,608 km


    [Exchange rate vs. US$]

    CFA Franc

    US$1=CFA 610 (as of 24.06.2022)


    US$ 13.74 billion (2020) (World Bank data)

    GDP Growth Rate

    3.6% (2020),  4.6%(2021) (Niger Govt. data)


    0.8% of total labour force (2021) (World Bank)

    GDP Per Capita

    US$ 567.7 (2020) (World Bank)

    PPP- US$ 1,230 (2019) (World Bank)

    Forest Cover

    11.3 thousand sq km or 0.9% of land area (2020)

    CO2 Emissions

    0.1 m tons per capita (2018)

    Tourist Arrivals

    85,000 (2020) down from 192,000 in 2019


    24.2 million (2020) (World Bank),  SR: 0.98 male(s)/female

    Age Profile

    0-14 years  : 50.58% (male 5.8 million/female 5.7 million)
    15-24 years: 19.99% (male 2.2 million/female 2.3 million)
    25-54 years: 23.57% (male 2.5 million/female 2.8 million)

    55-64 years: 3.17% (male 357,832/female 364,774)
    65 years and over: 2.68% (2020 est.) (male 293,430/female 317,866)

    Life Expectancy

    63 years (2020) (World Bank)


    French (official),  Hausa, Djerma, Fulfulde, Tamasheq and others

    Ethnic Groups

    Hausa (53.1%), Zarma / Songhai (21.2%), Tuareg (11.0%),

    Fulani (Peuhl) (6.5%), Kanuri (5.9%), Gurma (0.8%), Arab (0.4%),

    Tubu (0.4%), others remaining


    Muslim (99.3%), Christian (0.3%), indigenous beliefs (0.2%), none (0.1%)

    Internet Penetration

    31.2% of population (2021) (Niger Govt. data)

    Mobile Cellular penetration

    57.99% of population (2021) (Niger Govt. data)

    Electricity Access

    19.3% of population (2020) (World Bank data)


    Urban population: 16.5% of total population (2020)

    Rate of urbanisation: 4.5% annual urban population growth (2020)


    US$ 1204 million (2021)


    US$ 2666 million (2021)

    Main Trade Partners

    Exports: France, Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria (2021

    Imports: China, France, Thailand, US (2021)


    Political Structure

    Semi-Presidential. President elected by universal suffrage to serve a 5 year term. 2 term limit. Last election held in Feb 2021.  Next presidential and legislative elections due in 2025.

    National Government: A new 40 member cabinet was named by the  PM and approved by the President in April 2021.

    National Legislature: National Assembly of 171 members.

    Major political parties

    Ruling coalition MRN (the Mouvance pour la renaissance du Niger) 127 seats (PNDS-Tarraya, MPR, MNSD, CPR, ANDP etc)

    Opposition : 39 seats ( Moden-FA, RDR Tchanji, MPN,PJP etc)

    Head of State

    Mohamed Bazoum, President [since 02.04.2021]

    Head of Government

    Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou, Prime Minister [since April 2021]

    Current Issues

    Terrorism in neighbourhood (foreign based terrorist groups operate along the Niger-Mali-Burkina Faso border, border with northeast Nigeria, Lake Chad region)

    Environmental (Soil erosion, desertification, inadequate potable water, overgrazing, deforestation, threat to wildlife)

    Rapid population growth

    Large number of refugees and internally displaced persons


    India’s Exports

    US$ 91.62 million (2021-22)  (Deptt of Commerce, GoI data)

    India’s Imports

    US$ 15.99 million (2021-22)

    India’s Main Exports

    Rice, pharmaceutical products, cotton fabrics, woven synthetic fabrics, sugar confectionery and processed food & cereals, engineering goods, electrical appliances, construction material, tea

    India’s Main Imports

    Gum Arabic, sesame, semi-precious stones, hide/skin of goats

    Indian Investments

    in Niger

    M/s Airtel Cellular Services (US$ 350 mn), M/s Euroworld International (US$ 64 mn), M/s Satguru Travels (US$ 3 mn) etc

    Indian Community

    Around 200 Indians, mostly engaged in hospitality/service/business sectors.

    June 2022